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Free Content Regulation of eotaxin-3/CCL26 expression in human monocytic cells

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Eotaxin-3/CCL26 is an agonist for chemokine receptor 3 (CCR3) and a natural antagonist for CCR1, CCR2 and CCR5. CCL26 expression by non-haematopoietic cells has been well documented; however, no studies to date have demonstrated CCL26 expression by leucocytes. In this study, we investigated the ability of human monocytic cells to produce CCL26 in response to cytokines. We found that interleukin-4 (IL-4) increased the expression of CCL26 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein in U937 cells, in human monocytes and in human monocyte-derived macrophages. Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) alone did not induce CCL26 expression, yet these pro-inflammatory cytokines synergized with IL-4 to increase CCL26 protein expression. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) was not affected by costimulation with TNF-α, suggesting that the synergy between IL-4 and TNF-α occurs at a step downstream of STAT6 activation. Co-incubation of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) with IL-4 had no effect on CCL26 protein release. By contrast, pretreatment with IFN-γ decreased total STAT6 protein, blocked IL-4-mediated STAT6 phosphorylation and decreased IL-4-mediated CCL26 mRNA expression and protein release. These data show that IL-4 and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-1β and IFN-γ regulate CCL26 synthesis in human monocytic cells, which may be important in regulating monocyte inflammatory responses.
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Keywords: chemokine; eotaxin-3; interleukin-4; monocyte/macrophage; signalling

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Departments of Physiology and Pharmacology

Publication date: May 1, 2010

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