Management of diabetes in Indigenous communities: lessons from the Australian Aboriginal population
Type 2 diabetes mellitus and other chronic cardio‐metabolic conditions are significant contributors to the large disparities in life expectancy between Indigenous and non‐Indigenous Australians. Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent from a young age among Indigenous Australians and is often preceded by a cluster of risk factors, including central obesity, dyslipidaemia, albuminuria and socio‐economic disadvantage. Management of type 2 diabetes in Australian Indigenous peoples can be challenging in the setting of limited resources and socio‐economic disadvantage. Key strategies to address these challenges include working in partnership with patients, communities and primary healthcare services (PHC, Aboriginal community controlled and government services) and working in a multidisciplinary team. Population prevention measures are required within and beyond the health system, commencing as early as possible in the life course.
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