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Facilitating comfort for hospitalized patients using non-pharmacological measures: Preliminary development of clinical practice guidelines

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Williams AM, Davies A and Griffiths G. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2009; 15: 145–155

Facilitating comfort for hospitalized patient using non-pharmacological measures: Preliminary development of clinical practice guidelines

Nurses often use non-pharmacological measures to facilitate comfort for patients within the hospital setting. However, guidelines for use of these measures are commonly inadequate or absent. This paper presents 12 clinical practice guidelines that were developed from the findings of a literature review into non-pharmacological measures that are thought to facilitate patient comfort. The non-pharmacological measures addressed in these guidelines are: Aromotherapy, Distraction, Guided Imagery, Laughter, Massage, Music, Reiki, Heat or Cold, Meditation, Reflexology, Reposition and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. These are preliminary guidelines for the use of non-pharmacological measures and further research and development of such guidelines is recommended.
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Keywords: comfort; complementary therapies; hospitalization; practice guideline; review literature

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: PhD student, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia 2: Project Officer, Western Australian Palliative Care Network, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

Publication date: June 1, 2009

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