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Age-associated changes in the amount of subcutaneous tissue in the face evaluated in the ultrasonic B mode

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In this study, age-associated changes in facial skin, cosmetologically critical factors, were studied in terms of local subcutaneous fat tissue. The subjects were 98 Japanese females evenly chosen from their teens to 70s. On each subject, the thickness of subcutaneous tissue was determined by the ultrasonic B mode method on four facial sites, forehead, orbit, cheek, and mandible. Age-association of the tissue thickness was facial site-dependent. In the orbit, the subcutaneous tissue became thicker with age, whereas it showed a tendency of thinning in the forehead. No clear age-association was observed in the cheek or the mandible. To analyze the age-association further, the data were stratified into ‘lean group’ and ‘obese group’ based on their BMI, and subjected to multiple regression analysis. The age-association in the orbit was much more distinctive in the lean group than in the obese group.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2005

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