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Rheology of Dead Sea shampoo containing the antidandruff climbazole

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Synopsis In this study, the effect of the antidandruff climbazole on the rheology of hair shampoo containing Dead Sea (DS) salt was investigated. The presence of either DS salt or the climbazole led to increase in the shampoo viscosity. An optimum concentration was found where the viscosity of shampoo was maximum. In the absence of DS salt, the viscosity of hair shampoo increased with increasing the climbazole concentration to reach a maximum value at 1.0 wt%. Further addition of climbazole decreased the viscosity of shampoo. Adjusting the pH of the shampoo at 5.5 and 5.0 shifted the optimum climbazole concentration (corresponds to maximum viscosity) to 0.8 wt% and led to increase in the viscosity of shampoo. On the other hand, the addition of climbazole to the shampoo containing DS salt resulted in a decrease in shampoo viscosity. This decrease of shampoo viscosity became more pronounced with increasing the climbazole and/or DS salt concentrations. By controlling the pH of shampoo, an optimum formula of shampoo comprising both climbazole and DS salt and having maximum viscosity was obtained.

French
Résumé

L'effet de l'agent antipelliculaire Climbazole sur rhéologie d'un shampooing contenant du Sel de la Mer Morte (DS) a étéétudié. La presence de DS ou de Climbazole conduit à une augmentation de la viscosité du shampooing. Une concentration optimum correspondent à la viscosité maximum du shampooing peut-être déterminée. En l'absence de DS, la viscosité du shampooing augmente avec l'augmentation en concentration du Climbazole et attaint un maximum à 1% en poids. Au delà de cette concentration, la viscosité du shampooing diminue. L'adjustement du pH du shampooing entre 5.5 et 5 induit le glissement de la concentration optimale en Climbazole (correspondent au maximum de viscosité) qui attaint alors la concentration de 0.8% enpoids et accroit encore la viscosité du shampooing. Par ailleurs, l'addition de Climbazole à un shampooing contenant du DS, provoque une diminution de la viscosité. Cette diminution s'amplifie lorsque l'on augmente la concentration en Climbazole et/ou en DS. L'adjustement du pH du Shampooing permet d'obentir une formule optimum présentant une viscosité maximum et contentant du Climbazole de du DS.
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Keywords: Dead Sea salt; antidandruff; climbazole; rheology; shampoo

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Chemical Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, PO Box 3030, 22110 Irbid, Jordan

Publication date: December 1, 2004

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