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Effect of Early Intervention With Almotriptan vs Placebo on Migraine-Associated Functional Disability: Results From the AEGIS Trial

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(Headache 2008;48:341-354) Objective.—

To investigate the effect of early acute migraine intervention with almotriptan vs placebo on functional disability and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) indicators. Design/Methods.—

In this multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group trial, adults with international classification of headache disorders-defined migraine, with or without aura, were randomized 1:1 to treat 3 consecutive headaches with either almotriptan 12.5 mg or placebo. Patients were instructed to take their study medication at the first sign of migraine headache pain of any intensity, within 1 hour of onset. Patients recorded level of functional disability (normal, disturbed, bed rest required, emergency room [ER]/hospitalization required) at baseline (pretreatment), 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 24 hours posttreatment and at time of pain-free. Patients completed the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale (MIDAS) at randomization and completed the Migraine Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (MQoL) at 24 hours after each attack. Results.—

Results are presented for 315 patients (160 almotriptan, 155 placebo) in the evaluable for efficacy population. At 2 hours posttreatment of Attack 1, 54.4%, 32.5%, 13.1%, and 0%, respectively, of almotriptan-treated patients reported normal function, disturbed function, bed rest required, and ER/hospitalization required compared with 38.1%, 45.2%, 16.1%, and 0.6%, respectively, of placebo-treated patients. The differences in level of functional disability between the 2 treatment groups were statistically significant at 2 hours (P = .007; Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel, stratified by center) and at 4 hours (P < .001). Resolution of pain was associated with a normal level of function; at 2 hours posttreatment, 91.7% of patients in the total population who achieved pain-free reported normal function compared with 44.8%, 8.0%, and 0% of patients with mild, moderate, and severe pain, respectively. The absence compared with the presence of photophobia, phonophobia, and nausea at 2 hours also was associated with less disability (P < .0001 for each symptom). Treatment with almotriptan compared with placebo resulted in consistently better 24-hour MQoL scores with significant results for all 3 migraine headache attacks in the social function and feelings/concern domains. A logistic regression model determined that pretreatment functional level (P = .0117), pretreatment pain intensity (P = .0089), and pretreatment MIDAS score (P = .0152) were significant covariates of the proportion of patients who achieved normal function at 2 hours posttreatment. Conclusions.—

Early treatment with almotriptan within 1 hour of migraine pain onset significantly reduced levels of functional disability at 2 and 4 hours posttreatment compared with placebo. Consistency in improvement of HRQoL indicators was observed across 3 headaches treated.
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Keywords: almotriptan; disability; early intervention; migraine; quality of life

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2008

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