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Fatigue Crack Growth Due to Two Successive Single Overloads

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The behaviour of fatigue growth and cyclic tip deformation of long cracks due to two successive single overloads was investigated both experimentally and numerically. The results show the effect of the ratio of the second and first overloads, and the crack increment between the two overloads. The contributions of both crack tip blunting and residual stress fields were separated and accommodated in a previously developed crack tip deformation parameter, which was utilized to predict the resulting fatigue crack growth behaviour.

The following trends were experimentally observed. Should the ratio of the second and first overloads not be less than one, fatigue crack growth rates followed the predictions based on the second overload. Otherwise, either of the following two situations resulted: (1) when the two overloads were closely applied, the second overload caused an initial acceleration in growth rates followed by a behaviour controlled by the first overload; (2) when the second overload was applied after the crack growth had reached its minimum rate due to the first overload, more retardation in growth rate was observed.

Based on the model developed in the paper, it is possible to enhance the retardation effect of an overload if this overload is preceded by another overload. This enhancement depends on the ratio of the two overloads and the crack increment between them.
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Keywords: Constant amplitude loading; Crack tip plastic deformation; Elastic–; Fatigue crack growth; Single overload; Variable amplitude fatigue; plastic analysis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Mechanical Engineering Department, Al–Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt 2: Materials Engineering Department, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Publication date: December 1, 1998

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