Non-dependence of cyclin E/Cdk2 kinase activity on the initiation of oocyte maturation in goldfish
Cdk2 kinase activity increases during oocyte maturation but neither cyclin A nor B is associated with Cdk2 in mature oocytes in goldfish. As a potential Cdk2 partner in meiosis, a cyclin E homolog was isolated from a goldfish oocyte cDNA library. A monoclonal antibody was raised against bacterially produced full-length goldfish cyclin E. Both cyclin E and Cdk2 were already present in immature oocytes and their protein levels did not change remarkably during oocyte maturation. Cyclin E formed a complex mainly with Cdk2 just at the time of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in association with the increase in Cdk2 kinase activity, although a fraction of cyclin E bound to Cdk(s) other than Cdk2 and Cdc2. Ectopic activation of cyclin E/Cdk2 by the injection of cyclin E messenger RNA (mRNA) into immature oocytes did not induce maturation-promoting factor (MPF) activation and GVBD. Furthermore, inhibition of cyclin E/Cdk2 kinase activity by the injection of p21SDI1 into the oocytes treated with 17α,20-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one had no effect on MPF activation and GVBD. These results indicate that cyclin E/Cdk2 kinase activity is insufficient and unnecessary for initiating goldfish oocyte maturation.
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