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Americans move frequently, and moving alters their risks of victimization. This study uses unique longitudinal, multilevel data from the 1980–1985 National Crime Survey to examine the effects of residential turnover on household victimization. The two major findings of the study are as follows: First, housing turnover is a transition that independently increases the risk that a dwelling will experience a crime. This finding is true even controlling for persistent differences in crime vulnerability between dwellings. Second, changes in the composition and routine activities of households also alter the risks of victimization. These findings provide support for social disorganization and crime opportunity theories.
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Keywords: National Crime Survey; crime opportunity; longitudinal analysis; residential mobility; social disorganization; victimization

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Arizona State University 2: School of Criminal Justice, University at Albany

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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