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CARDIOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF GRANULOCYTE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR IN ANGIOTENSIN II-INDUCED CARDIAC REMODELLING

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SUMMARY



Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is reported to have a beneficial effect on cardiac dysfunction in postinfarction and doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of G-CSF on cardiac remodelling in angiotensin (Ang) II-induced hypertrophy.



Four groups of mice were investigated. The first group served as a control group. The second group was injected with recombinant human G-CSF (10 µg/kg per day, s.c.) on the first 5 days of each week and treatment was continued for 4 weeks. An osmotic minipump was implanted subcutaneously into each mouse in the third group so that pressor doses of AngII (2.88 mg/kg per day) or saline could be administered over a period of 4 weeks. The fourth group was infused with AngII (2.88 mg/kg per day) and injected with G-CSF (10 µg/kg per day, s.c.) for 4 weeks.



Angiotensin II treatment significantly elevated blood pressure and caused cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in mice. Treatment of mice with G-CSF did not reduce the AngII-induced increase in blood pressure, but ameliorated the development of cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy. Infusion of AngII induced upregulation of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) expression and downregulation of ACE2 expression. Treatment with G-CSF reduced cardiac levels of ACE and increased ACE2 expression. In addition, G-CSF treatment reduced the expression of osteopontin (OPN) and phospho-p70S6 kinase, which were upregulated by AngII infusion.



These results suggest that G-CSF reduces AngII-induced hypertrophy. Modulation of the expression of the ACE isoforms contributes to regression of AngII-induced cardiac hypertrophy. The effect of G-CSF to prevent cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy may be mediated, in part, via inhibition of OPN expression and p70S6 kinase phosphorylation.
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Keywords: angiotensin II; angiotensin-converting enzyme; cardiac hypertrophy; granulocyte colony stimulating factor

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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