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EFFECTS OF CASTRATION ON CANNABINOID CB1 RECEPTOR EXPRESSION AND ON THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIONS OF CANNABINOID IN THE PAROTID GLAND

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SUMMARY



In the present study, we examined whether cannabinoid receptor expression and the effects of receptor stimulation vary as a function of gonadal status in a peripheral tissue, namely the male rat parotid gland. Four groups of male rats were studied: gonadal intact, castrated, castrated testosterone (1 mg/100 g bodyweight) treated and gonadal intact testosterone treated.



The results showed that the density of CB1 receptors decreased after castration and that receptor density was restored to control values after testosterone treatment. This decrement was associated with a decrease of anandamide (10-10 to 10-5 mol/L)-induced cAMP accumulation and amylase release without changes in the anandamide-induced inhibition of Na+/K+-ATPase activity.



Castration did not modify either the subtype of cannabinoid receptor involved in the actions of anandamide or drug affinity for the receptor.



The mechanism underlying anandamide-induced cAMP accumulation, amylase release and inhibition of Na+/K+-ATPase activity, namely through the activation of adenylyl cyclase, was the same in control and castrated rats.



Basal cAMP accumulation, amylase release and Na+/K+-ATPase activity were not altered by castration.



Castration had no effect on the concentration of total protein.



It can be concluded that CB1 cannabinoid receptor expression is regulated by testosterone in male rat parotid gland and this has functional implications for cAMP accumulation and amylase release.
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Keywords: Na+/ K+-ATPase; amylase; anandamide; cannabionid CB1 receptor; castration; testosterone

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2006

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