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1. In the present study, the effects of anandamide and WIN 55,212-2, cannabinoid receptor agonists, were investigated on electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced biphasic twitch responses obtained from the epididymal and prostatic portions of rabbit vas deferens strips.

2. Anandamide and WIN 55,212-2 dose-dependently inhibited both the first and second phases of the EFS-induced twitch responses recorded from epididymal and prostatic portions of the vas deferens over the concentration range 10−9 to 3 × 10−6 mol/L.

3. The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist AM 251 (10−6 mol/L) and the cannabinoid CB2 receptor antagonist AM 630 (10−6 mol/L) had no effect on the inhibitory action of anandamide on the biphasic twitch responses in the prostatic and epididymal portions of the rabbit vas deferens.

4. In both the prostatic and epididymal portions of the rabbit vas deferens, AM 251 significantly, but not completely, reversed the inhibitory effect of WIN 55,212-2 on the first phase of the twitch response. In contrast, AM 630 did not have any effect on the inhibitory action of WIN 55,212-2 in the rabbit vas deferens strips.

5. The inhibitory effects of anandamide or WIN 55,212-2 on EFS-induced twitch responses of both the prostatic and epididymal portions of the rabbit vas deferens were not altered in the presence of 10−5 mol/L naloxone.

6. These results suggest that cannabinoid receptors may have a modulatory role in the regulation of sympathetic transmission in the rabbit vas deferens. However, further investigation is required to characterize the receptors involved.
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Keywords: 212-2; AM 251; AM 630; CB1 receptor; CB2 receptor; WIN 55; anandamide; bisected vas deferens; cannabinoids; rabbit

Document Type: Original Article

Affiliations: Department of Pharmacology, Medical School, Gazi University, Besevler, Ankara, Turkey

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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