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Different effects of growth hormone releasing peptide (GHRP-6) and GH-releasing hormone on GH release in endogenous and exogenous hypercortisolism

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OBJECTIVE

Chronic hypercortisolism is associated with decreased GH responsiveness to GHRH. GHRP-6 is a synthetic hexapeptide that releases GH in several species, including man. As GHRH and GHRP-6 apparently stimulate GH release by different mechanisms, we evaluated the GH responses to these peptides in patients with endogenous and exogenous glucocorticoid excess and also in control subjects. DESIGN

Six patients with endogenous hypercortisolism, nine with exogenous glucocorticoid excess and 10 normal controls were submitted to three tests, in random order, with GHRH (100 μg), GHRP-6 (1 μg/kg) or GHRP+GHRP-6, in the same doses, i.v., on separate days. MEASUREMENTS

GH was measured by immunofluorometric assay. IGF-I was determined by radioimmunoassay. Plasma glucose was measured by the glucose-oxidase technique. RESULTS

Peak GH values (mean ± SE; μg/l) after GHRH were significantly blunted in endogenous (2.0 ± 0.7) and exogenous (3.6 ± 1.2) hypercortisolaemic patients compared to controls (24.9 ± 5.1). The endogenous group had lower peak GH values after GHRP-6 alone (7.7 ± 1.9) or together with GHRH (18.8 ± 5.8) than those observed in controls (GHRP-6: 22.1 ± 3.6; GHRH+GHRP-6: 77.4 ± 15.0) and in exogenous hypercortisolism (27.4 ± 6.2 and 78.1 ± 19.9). There were no differences in the GH responses to GHRP-6 alone or in combination with GHRH when controls were compared to the exogenous group. No changes in plasma IGF-I and glucose levels were observed. CONCLUSIONS

Our results suggest that hypercortisolism had a different effect on the GH-releasing mechanisms stimulated by GHRH and GHRP-6. Moreover, in endogenous hypercortisolism both GHRH and GHRP-6 pathways are affected, while in the exogenous group GHRP-6 releasing mechanisms are apparently preserved.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Division of Endocrinology, Escola Paulista de Medicina/Universidade Federal de São Paulo — UNIFESP/EPM, São Paulo, Brazil

Publication date: June 1, 1997

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