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Designing Systematic Conservation Assessments that Promote Effective Implementation: Best Practice from South Africa

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Systematic conservation assessment and conservation planning are two distinct fields of conservation science often confused as one and the same. Systematic conservation assessment is the technical, often computer-based, identification of priority areas for conservation. Conservation planning is composed of a systematic conservation assessment coupled with processes for development of an implementation strategy and stakeholder collaboration. The peer-reviewed conservation biology literature abounds with studies analyzing the performance of assessments (e.g., area-selection techniques). This information alone, however, can never deliver effective conservation action; it informs conservation planning. Examples of how to translate systematic assessment outputs into knowledge and then use them for “doing” conservation are rare. South Africa has received generous international and domestic funding for regional conservation planning since the mid-1990s. We reviewed eight South African conservation planning processes and identified key ingredients of best practice for undertaking systematic conservation assessments in a way that facilitates implementing conservation action. These key ingredients include the design of conservation planning processes, skills for conservation assessment teams, collaboration with stakeholders, and interpretation and mainstreaming of products (e.g., maps) for stakeholders. Social learning institutions are critical to the successful operationalization of assessments within broader conservation planning processes and should include not only conservation planners but also diverse interest groups, including rural landowners, politicians, and government employees.
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Keywords: adaptive improvement; conservation planning; conservation-area selection; instituciones de aprendizaje social; mejoramiento adaptativo; modelo operacional; operational model; planificación de la conservación; selección de áreas de conservación; social learning institutions

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Botany, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031, South Africa 2: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Private Bag X101, Pretoria 0001, South Africa 3: Leslie Hill Institute for Plant Conservation, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa 4: Biodiversity Conservation Unit, Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa, 2b Lawrence Street, Central Hill, Port Elizabeth 6001, South Africa 5: Conservation Unit, Botanical Society of South Africa, Private Bag X10, Claremont 7735, South Africa 6: Department of Zoology and Terrestrial Ecology Research Unit, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 77000, Port Elizabeth 6031, South Africa 7: Scientific Services, South African National Parks, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth 6031, South Africa 8: Ezemvelo KwaZulu-Natal Wildlife, P.O. Box 13053, Cascades 3202, South Africa 9: The World Bank, 1818 H Street, Washington, D.C. 20433, U.S.A.

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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