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Effects of a Proposed Ex Situ Conservation Program on In Situ Conservation of the Babirusa, an Endangered Suid

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Detailed data are rarely available to show how interventions such as captive breeding programs can create an uncontrolled demand for live specimens of endangered species. We present a case study of the effect of a planned, internationally recognized captive breeding program on trade in the endangered babirusa wild pig from July to December 1998. Although the program had not yet begun, international interest in the captive breeding of babirusas gave hunters and dealers the false impression that there was a potentially lucrative and officially sanctioned national and international demand for any live babirusas they might catch. Swift action by the Indonesian authorities halted this trade, but the study provides a warning about the damage that can be caused to the conservation of a species if management programs are instituted without a full understanding of the practicalities of its conservation, particularly interactions between the species and local people.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Renewable Resources Assessment Group, T. H. Huxley School of Environment, Earth Sciences and Engineering, Imperial College London, 8 Princes Gardens, London SW7 1NA, United Kingdom 2: Directorate General of Protection and Nature Conservation, Ministry of Forestry and Plantations, Republic of Indonesia. Jl. Ir. H. Juanda 100, Bogor, Indonesia 3: Department of Forest Resources Conservation, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, P.O. Box 168, Bogor, Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2000

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