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Enhancement of viability of a probiotic Lactobacillus strain for poultry during freeze-drying and storage using the response surface methodology

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A rotatable central composite design (CCD) was used to study the effect of cryoprotectants (skim milk, sucrose and lactose) on the survival rate of a probiotic Lactobacillus strain, L. reuteri C10, for poultry, during freeze-drying and storage. Using response surface methodology, a quadratic polynomial equation was obtained for response value by multiple regression analyses: Y = 8.59546 − 0.01038 X1 − 0.09382 X2 − 0.07771 X3 − 0.054861 X12 − 0.04603X32 − 0.10938 X1X2. Based on the model predicted, sucrose exerted the strongest effect on the survival rate. At various combinations of cryoprotectants, the viability loss of the cells after freeze-drying was reduced from 1.65 log colony forming units (CFU)/mL to 0.26–0.66 log CFU/mL. The estimated optimum combination for enhancing the survival rate of L. reuteri C10 was 19.5% skim milk, 1% sucrose and 9% lactose. Verification experiments confirmed the validity of the predicted model. The storage life of freeze-dried L. reuteri C10 was markedly improved when cryoprotectants were used. At optimum combination of the cryoprotectants, the survival rates of freeze-dried L. reuteri C10 stored at 4°C and 30°C for 6 months were 96.4% and 73.8%, respectively. Total viability loss of cells which were not protected by cryoprotectants occurred after 12 and 8 weeks of storage at 4°C and 30°C, respectively.
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Keywords: cryoprotectants; freeze-drying; probiotic; response surface methodology; storage

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, 2: Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 3: Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia 4: Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia,

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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