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Association of an SNP marker in exon 24 of a class 3 phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PIK3C3) gene with production traits in Duroc pigs

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A C↔T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on exon 24 of the porcine class 3 phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PIK3C3) gene is considered a possible genetic marker for selecting backfat (BF) thickness and carcass fat, although only one study has published results on its effects by performing experiments on a single resource family. We analyzed the association of this PIK3C3 polymorphism with production traits in 739 Duroc pigs. The C allele frequency was 67.9% in our study population. PIK3C3 polymorphism showed significant effects on average daily weight gain (ADG), BF thickness, intermuscular fat content (IMF), and the size of the loin eye muscle area (EMA). The C alleles increased ADG, BF and IMF, and decreased EMA. The predicted differences in traits between the homozygous pigs of the C and T alleles were 40 g/day for DG, 1.2 mm for BF, 0.44% for IMF, and 1.6 cm2 for EMA. Furthermore, the statistical models for estimating the breeding values of each trait had lower Akaike's information criterion values when adding PIK3C3 genotype information. We therefore confirmed that the polymorphism in PIK3C3 (C2604T) has the potential to be a genetic marker for production traits in Duroc pigs.
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Keywords: AIC; PIK3C3; pig; polymorphism

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 2: Central Research Institute for Feed and Livestock, ZEN-NOH (National Federation of Agricultural Cooperative Associations), Kamishihoro, Hokkaido 3: Central Research Institute for Feed and Livestock, ZEN-NOH (National Federation of Agricultural Co-operative Associations), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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