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The complete mitochondrial genome of the domestic red deer (Cervus elaphus) of New Zealand and its phylogenic position within the family Cervidae

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ABSTRACT

We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the semidomestic red deer (Cervus elaphus) of New Zealand. The genome was 16 357 bp long and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 12SrRNA, 16SrRNA, 22 tRNAs and a D-loop as found in other mammals. Database homology searches showed that the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence from the New Zealand semidomestic deer was similar to partial mtDNA sequences from the European, Norwegian (C. e. atlanticus) and Spanish red deer (C. e. hispanicus). Phylogenetic analysis of the mitochondrial protein-coding regions revealed two well-defined monophyletic clades in subfamilies Cervinae and Muntiacinae. However, red deer and Sika deer were not found to be close relatives. The analysis did identify the red deer as a sister taxon of a Samber/Sika deer clade, although it was more closely related to the Samber than the Sika group.
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Keywords: mitochondrial genome; phylogenetic analysis; red deer

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Bioindustry, Department of Bioproduction 2: Graduate School of Bioindustry, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Abashiri, Hokkaido 3: Graduate School of Biosphere, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan

Publication date: October 1, 2010

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