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Porcine CPEB1 is involved in Cyclin B translation and meiotic resumption in porcine oocytes

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Ovarian immature oocytes accumulate many dormant maternal mRNAs, which have short poly(A) tails. Cytoplasmic-polyadenylation-element binding protein (CPEB) has been reported to play key roles for the elongation of the tails and the translation of these mRNAs in Xenopus oocytes. However, the functions of CPEB in meiotic resumption have not yet been established in mammalian oocytes. The present study examined the roles of porcine CPEB in Cyclin B syntheses and meiotic resumption of porcine oocytes. Porcine CPEB1 (pCPEB1) cDNA was cloned from total RNA of immature oocytes by RT-PCR. The overexpression of pCPEB1 by mRNA injection into immature oocytes increased Cyclin B expression and the rate of meiotic resumption. Conversely, the inhibition of endogenous CPEB by expression of a dominant-negative mutant pCPEB1 (AA-CPEB), which replaced the expected phosphorylation sites with alanines, had the effect of inhibiting Cyclin B synthesis, ribosomal S6 kinase phosphorylation (an indicator of Mos activity), and meiotic resumption. The inhibition of porcine Aurora A by an injection of antisense RNA enhanced the inhibitory effects of AA-CPEB. These results suggest the involvement of mammalian CPEB1 in Cyclin B syntheses and meiotic resumption in mammalian oocytes. In addition, the phosphorylation sites of pCPEB1 were identified and are suggested to be phosphorylated by porcine Aurora A.
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Keywords: Aurora A; CPEB1; Cyclin B; Mos; porcine oocytes

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2010

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