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The effect of fermented persimmon shell diet supplementation on the growth performance and blood parameters in finishing pigs

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ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of fermented persimmon shell diet (FPSD) supplementation on growth performance and blood parameters in 96 Berkshire pigs. The FPSD was made from persimmon shell and mixed with rice bran and barley bran. Samples of FPSD on day 0 (D0) and day 60 (D60) were analyzed for chemical composition, pH and organic acids. The experimental diets were 0, 3, 5 and 7% FPSD added to C, T1, T2 and T3 of finishing diets on fresh matter basis. Dry matter (DM) was lower (P < 0.01) and crude protein was higher (P < 0.01) on D60 than on D0. pH value decreased (P < 0.01) on D60 than on D0 but organic acids were increased (P < 0.01). Average daily gain was higher (P < 0.05) in T2 than in other groups. Average daily feed intake was higher (P < 0.05) in T2 than in other groups. Total cholesterol was higher (P < 0.05) in T3 than in other groups. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased (P < 0.05) in groups by the addition of FPSD. Blood urea nitrogen was lower (P < 0.05) in C than in other groups. The results indicate that FPSD improved the growth performance and blood parameters in Berkshire pigs.
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Keywords: Berkshire pigs; blood parameters; growth performance; organic acids; persimmon shell

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Departments of Animal Resources Technology and 2: Gyeongsangnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services, Jinju City, Korea; and 3: Animal Science and Biotechnology, Jinju National University, Jinju City, 4: 4The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima-shi, Japan

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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