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Expression of mRNA for sodium-glucose transporter 1 and fatty acid translocase in the ruminant gastrointestinal tract before and after weaning

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ABSTRACT

The mRNA expression of sodium-glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) and fatty acid translocase (CD36) in the gastrointestinal tract of Holstein cattle and Saanen goats before and after weaning was investigated. Before weaning, the expression of both SGLT1 and CD36 was highest in the jejunum, relative to the other parts of the gastrointestinal tract in both species. The expression of SGLT1 and CD36 in the duodenum was second highest in the goats. After weaning, SGLT1 and CD36 expression in the small intestine significantly decreased in both species. The expression of both types of transporters was also detected in the forestomach. From these results, it was concluded that the jejunum is probably the major absorption site for glucose and long-chain fatty acids before weaning, and that the expression of both types of transporters decreases after weaning in cattle and goats.
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Keywords: fatty acid translocase; gastrointestinal tract; sodium-glucose transporter 1

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai-shi and 2: National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, Nasushiobara-shi, Japan

Publication date: August 1, 2005

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