Estimation of daily urinary potassium excretion using urinary creatinine as an index substance in prepartum dairy cows
In the present study, the daily excretion of potassium (K) in urine (urinary K(UK)) was estimated from a 6 h urine sample using urinary creatinine (UC) as the index substance. All urine was collected from six pregnant Holstein cows at 6 h intervals for 24 h on 3 days of the 4th, 2nd and final week before the expected date of parturition. In total, 72 6 h urine samples were obtained. Daily UC excretion (mg/day per kg bodyweight (BW)) was almost the same for the three sampling days. Daily UC excretion varied among cows from 22.1 to 24.3 mg/day per kg BW with a mean of 22.8 mg/day per kg BW with no significant difference. Thus, daily UC excretion was confirmed to be constant throughout the prepartum period with no differences among individuals. The concentration ratios of K to creatinine ((UK mg/dL)/(UC mg/dL) (UK/UC)) correlated strongly to the hourly K excretions (mg/h per kg BW) (r = 0.952, P < 0.01) in the 6 h urine samples. The differences in the UK/UC ratio between sampling periods were not significant within each cow. Therefore, daily UK excretion (mg/day) can be estimated using the equation: daily UK excretion (mg/day) = daily UC excretion (mg/day per kg BW) × BW (kg) × 6 h urine sample UK/UC, where daily UC excretion can be a given value.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Gifu Prefectural Livestock Research Institute, Yamaoka-cho, Gifu-ken, 2: Gifu Prefectural Chuno Livestock Hygiene Service Center, Minokamo-shi, 3: School of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, Ami-machi, Ibaraki-ken and 4: University Farm, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Togo-cho, Aichi-ken, Japan
Publication date: February 1, 2005