Pipecolic acid in rumen fluid and plasma in ruminant animals
A survey was conducted to investigate the physiological levels of pipecolic acid (Pip) in rumen fluid and plasma of ruminants such as goats and cattle in the presence or absence of rumen protozoa. The concentration of Pip was determined using HPLC. Basal Pip levels in the rumen fluid and plasma of normal faunated animals were 21 ± 8 and 2.3 ± 1.3 µM, respectively, and levels increased 1–2 h after feeding. The Pip levels in the rumen fluid and plasma of faunated goats and cattle were significantly higher than those of defaunated goats and unfaunated cattle. A small amount of Pip was also found in the rumen fluids of the defaunated and unfaunated animals; this appeared to be derived from feeds such as hay cube and corn silage. The results obtained in the present study suggest that a significant amount of rumen-produced Pip is likely to be absorbed into the plasma of the host animals and that rumen protozoa significantly enhance the concentration of Pip in the rumen fluid and plasma of ruminant animals.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University, Miyazaki-shi, 2: Ajinomoto, Central Research Laboratories, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki-shi and 3: Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu-shi, Japan
Publication date: June 1, 2003