Heart Rate Variability and Procedural Outcome in Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation
In patients with normal hearts, increased vagal tone is associated with onset of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Vagal denervation of the atria renders AF less inducible. Circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) is effective for treating paroxysmal and persistent AF, and has been shown to impact heart rate variability (HRV) indices, in turn, reflecting vagal denervation. We examined the impact of CPVI on HRV indices, and evaluated the relationship between vagal modification and AF recurrence.
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