Assessment of Physiological Amplitude, Duration, and Magnitude of ECG T-Wave Alternans
Methods: To answer this question, in the present study 20-minute not noisy, sinus ECG recordings, from 138 H-subjects and 148 coronary artery diseased (CAD) patients, were submitted to our adaptive match filter (AMF) procedure to identify and parameterize TWA in terms of duration (TWAD), amplitude (TWAA), and magnitude (TWAM, defined as the product of TWAD times TWAA). The 99.5th percentiles of mean values of TWAA, TWAD, and TWAM over 20-minute ECGs were used to define three threshold levels (THRD, THRA, and THRM), which allow discrimination of abnormal TWA levels.
Results: Nonstationary TWA was found in all our H-subjects and CAD-patients. TWAD, TWAA, and TWAM levels were classified as being physiological in 99% of H-subjects and 87% of CAD-patients. A linear correlation (r =−0.52, P < 0.001) was found between TWAA and RR interval in the H-population.
Conclusions: Our results support the hypothesis of the existence of physiological TWA levels, which are to be considered in the effort to improve reliability of nonphysiological TWA levels discrimination.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Biomedical, Electronics, and Telecommunication Engineering, Polytechnic University of Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy 2: Heart-Research Follow-Up Program, Cardiology Unit, Department of Medicine and Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York
Publication date: October 1, 2009