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Relationship Between ST-Segment Morphology and Conduction Disturbances Detected by Signal-Averaged Electrocardiography in Brugada Syndrome

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Background: Although arrhythmogenesis of Brugada syndrome is still unknown, it has been reported to be associated with conduction disturbances. Two ST-segment morphologies (coved and saddle-back patterns) have been described in this syndrome. No study has sought to determine which morphology has stronger conduction disturbances, thereby associating with life-threatening events.

Methods: Forty-six patients who presented the Brugada-type ECG with either of a characteristic coved (n = 25) or saddle-back (n = 21) pattern of ST-segment morphology underwent signal-averaged ECG (SAECG). SAECG parameters, and the history of life-threatening events defined as syncope or aborted sudden death, were compared between groups.

Results: Although filtered QRS duration did not differ between groups, the incidence of late potentials in the coved group was higher than in the saddle-back group (22 patients (88%) versus 4 patients (19%); P < 0.01), showing lower RMS40 and longer LAS40. Life-threatening events occurred in 17 patients (68%) in the coved group and 7 patients (33%) in the saddle-back group (P = 0.02) .

Conclusion: The coved pattern of ST segment was more closely related to conduction disturbances than the saddle-back pattern in patients with Brugada-type ECG. Life-threatening events were more common in patients with the coved ST-segment elevation. Conduction disturbances in the coved pattern of ST segment may reflect a substrate of arrhythmogenesis in Brugada syndrome.

A.N.E. 2003;8(1):30–36
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Keywords: Brugada syndrome; ST segment; conduction disturbances; signal-averaged ECG

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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