High frequency of TTTY2‐like gene‐related deletions in patients with idiopathic oligozoospermia and azoospermia
Genes located on Y chromosome and expressed in testis are likely to be involved in spermatogenesis. TTTY2 is a Y‐linked multicopy gene family of unknown function that includes TTTY2L2A and TTTY2L12A at Yq11 and Yp11 loci respectively. Using PCR amplification, we screened for TTTY2L2A‐ and TTTY2L12A‐associated deletions, in 94 Greek men with fertility problems. Patients were divided into three groups as following: group A (n = 28) included men with idiopathic moderate oligozoospermia, group B (n = 34) with idiopathic severe oligozoospermia and azoospermia, and group C (n = 32) with oligo‐ and azoospermia of various known etiologies. No deletions were detected in group C patients and 50 fertile controls. However, two patients from group A had deletions in TTTY2L2A (7.1%) and six in TTTY2L12A (21.4%), whereas from group B, four patients had deletions in TTTY2L2A (11.8%) and 10 in TTTY2L12A (29.4%). In addition, five patients from both groups A and B (8%) appeared to have deletions in both studied TTTY2 genes, although these are located very far apart. These results indicate that the TTTY2 gene family may play a significant role in spermatogenesis and suggest a possible mechanism of nonhomologous recombinational events that may cause genomic instability and ultimately lead to male infertility.
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