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Participation of the sperm proteasome during in vitro fertilisation and the acrosome reaction in cattle

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Abstract

In this work, we have investigated the role of the bovine sperm proteasome during in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and the acrosome reaction (AR). Motile spermatozoa, obtained by a swim-up method in Sperm-Talp medium, were capacitated for 3.5 h and incubated in the presence or absence of the specific proteasome inhibitor epoxomicin for 30 and 60 min. Then, the spermatozoa were co-incubated with mature bovine cumulus oocytes and after 48 h the cleavage rate of inseminated oocytes was evaluated. In addition, we evaluated the participation of the sperm proteasome during the progesterone-induced AR. Capacitated spermatozoa were incubated for 30 min with or without epoxomicin, then progesterone was added and the ARs were evaluated using the dual fluorescent staining technique ‘Hoechst and chlortetracycline’. The results indicate that the proteasome inhibitor decreased the cleavage rate of oocytes inseminated with treated spermatozoa. In addition, acrosomal exocytosis levels were statistically significantly higher in the samples treated with the AR inducer progesterone than in control samples in the absence of the inducer. However, the progesterone-induced AR was significantly reduced by previous treatment of the spermatozoa with epoxomicin (P < 0.001). These observations indicate that the bovine sperm proteasome participates in the IVF and AR processes.
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Keywords: Bovine sperm; embryo development; proteosome inhibitor; sperm physiology

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1:  Department of Preclinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, BIOREN-CEBIOR, Universidad De La Frontera, Temuco, Chile 2:  Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, BIOREN-CEBIOR, Universidad De La Frontera, Temuco, Chile 3:  BIOREN-CEBIOR, Universidad De La Frontera, Temuco, Chile 4:  Department of Biomedicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile 5:  Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, BIOREN-CEBIOR, Universidad De La Frontera, Temuco, Chile

Publication date: April 1, 2011

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