Autosomal Recessive Nonsyndromic Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy without Cutaneous Involvements: A Novel Mutation
The arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is a genetic disease frequently associated with desmosomal mutations, mainly attributed to dominant mutations in the Plakophilin‐2 (PKP2) gene. Naxos and Carvajal are the syndromic forms of ARVD/C due to recessive mutations. Herein, we report an autosomal recessive form of nonsyndromic ARVD/C caused by a mutation in the PKP2 gene. After examination and implementation of diagnostic modalities, the definite diagnosis of ARVD/C was confirmed by detection of ventricular tachycardia with a left bundle branch configuration and a superior axis, T‐wave inversion in right precordial leads (i.e., V1‐V3) in a 12‐lead electrocardiogram, and a right ventricle outflow tract dilatation. Neither cutaneous involvement nor other abnormalities were observed. Genetic testing was performed during which an intronic mutation of c.2577+1G>T in the PKP2 gene was observed homozygously. The c.2577+1G>T disrupts PKP2 mRNA splicing and causes a nonsyndromic form of ARVD/C.
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