Renal Agenesis in Kallmann Syndrome: A Network Approach
Kallmann syndrome (KS) is defined by the combination of isolated hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (IHH) and anosmia, with renal agenesis occurring in 30% of KS cases with KAL1 gene mutations. Unlike other KS‐related disorders, renal agenesis cannot be directly associated with mutations in the KAL1 gene. We hypothesized that protein interaction networks may suggest a link between genes currently known to be associated with KS on the one hand and those associated with renal agenesis on the other hand.
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