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New gall midge taxa (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Australian Chenopodiaceae

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Abstract 

Five new species and a new genus of gall midge are described from flower galls on native chenopod plants in Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Asphondylia vesicaria sp. n. induces galls on Atriplex vesicaria; A. mcneilli sp. n. on Sclerolaena diacantha; and A. tonsura sp. n. on Enchylaena tomentosa. Infested flowers develop into galls and produce no seeds. DNA analysis of part of the cytochrome-c oxidase subunit I mitochondrial gene supported the morphological and biological differences between each of the new species and the previously described A. floriformis (Veenstra-Quah & Kolesik) and A. sarcocorniae (Veenstra-Quah & Kolesik) that induce galls on leaves and branches, respectively, of Sarcocornia quinqueflora (Chenopodiaceae) in Australian salt marshes. A new genus, Dactylasioptera gen. n. and two new species of Lasiopterini, D. adentata sp. n. and D. dentata sp. n. are described – both were reared from galls of A. mcneilli and A. tonsura.
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Keywords: Lasiopteridi; grazing; marginal land; seeding prevention

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University Melbourne Campus, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Vic. 3125, Australia.

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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