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Cytochrome P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid play a role in the enhanced cardiac dysfunction in diabetic rats following ischaemic reperfusion injury

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1 This study examined the contribution of cytochrome P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid in mediating ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac dysfunction in normal and diabetic rats.

2 We first compared the metabolism of arachidonic acid in microsomes prepared from the hearts of control rats and rats treated with streptozotocin (55 mg kg−1) to induce diabetes. The production of dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids and epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) were similar in microsomes prepared from the hearts of control and diabetic rats, but the production of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) was two-fold higher in diabetic hearts than in control animals.

3 We then compared the change in left ventricular pressure (P max), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, coronary flow and coronary vascular resistance in isolated perfused hearts obtained from control and diabetic animals after 40 min of global ischaemia (I) followed by 30 min of reperfusion (R). The decline in cardiac function was three- to five-fold greater in the hearts obtained from diabetic vs. control animals.

4 Pretreatment of the hearts with N-hydroxy-N′-(4-butyl-2-methyl-phenyl)-formamidine (HET0016, 1 μm), a selective inhibitor of the synthesis of 20-HETE, for 30 min before I/R resulted in significant improvement in the recovery of cardiac function in the hearts obtained from diabetic but not in control rats. Perfusion with an inhibitor of soluble epoxide hydrolase, 1-cyclohexyl-3-dodecyl urea (CDU), before I/R improved the recovery of cardiac function in hearts obtained from both control and diabetic animals. Perfusion with both HET0016 and CDU resulted in significantly better recovery of cardiac function of diabetic hearts following I/R than that seen using either drug alone. Pretreatment of the hearts with glibenclamide (1 μm), an inhibitor of ATP-sensitive potassium channels, attenuated the cardioprotective effects of both CDU and HET0016.

5 This is the first study to suggest that acute blockade of the formation of 20-HETE and/or reduced inactivation of EETs could be an important strategy to reduce cardiac dysfunction following I/R events in diabetes.
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Keywords: CDU; HET0016; diabetes; glibenclamide; ischaemia; reperfusion

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, PO Box 24923, Safat 13110, Kuwait 2: Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA

Publication date: 01 January 2009

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