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Exogenous purines induce differential responses in the proximal and distal regions of the possum sphincter of Oddi

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1 The aim of this study was to compare the effect of exogenous ATP and adenosine on spontaneous motility of the proximal and distal regions of the possum sphincter of Oddi (SO).

2 ATP or adenosine (1 m–1 mm) was applied to distal-SO or proximal-SO muscle rings in organ baths in the absence or presence of tetrodotoxin (TTX) or P1/P2 antagonists.

3 Both ATP and adenosine altered spontaneous activity, predominantly in proximal-SO rings.

4 Exogenous ATP induced a bi-phasic response consisting of a brief TTX-sensitive excitatory component, and a longer-lasting TTX-insensitive inhibitory component.

5 The excitatory ATP response likely involves P2X receptors, whereas the late inhibitory response likely involves P2Y receptors.

6 Exogenous adenosine decreased spontaneous SO activity, via a TTX-insensitive mechanism.

7 Exogenous purines modulate SO motility, acting primarily in the proximal region of the SO, via neural and non-neural mechanisms and multiple purine receptor subtypes.
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Keywords: ATP; Australian Brush-tailed possum; adenosine; proximal and distal regions; sphincter of Oddi

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2007

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