Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Kinetochores, cohesin, and DNA breaks: Controlling meiotic recombination within pericentromeres

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF)
 

This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY licence.

In meiosis, DNA break formation and repair are essential for the formation of crossovers between homologous chromosomes. Without crossover formation, faithful meiotic chromosome segregation and sexual reproduction cannot occur. Crossover formation is initiated by the programmed, meiosis‐specific introduction of numerous DNA double‐strand breaks, after which specific repair pathways promote recombination between homologous chromosomes. Despite its crucial nature, meiotic recombination is fraud with danger: When positioned or repaired inappropriately, DNA breaks can have catastrophic consequences on genome stability of the resulting gametes. As such, DNA break formation and repair needs to be carefully controlled. Within centromeres and surrounding regions (i.e., pericentromeres), meiotic crossover recombination is repressed in organisms ranging from yeast to humans, and a failure to do so is implicated in chromosome missegregation and developmental aneuploidy. (Peri)centromere sequence identity and organization diverge considerably across eukaryotes, yet suppression of meiotic DNA break formation and repair appear universal. Here, we discuss emerging work that has used budding and fission yeast systems to study the mechanisms underlying pericentromeric suppression of DNA break formation and repair. We particularly highlight a role for the kinetochore, a universally conserved, centromere‐associated structure essential for chromosome segregation, in suppressing (peri)centromeric DNA break formation and repair. We discuss the current understanding of kinetochore‐associated and chromosomal factors involved in this regulation and suggest future avenues of research. In meiosis, DNA break formation and repair are essential for the formation of crossovers between homologous chromosomes. Within centromeres and surrounding regions (i.e., pericentromeres), meiotic crossover recombination is repressed in organisms ranging from yeast to humans, and a failure to do so is implicated in chromosome missegregation and developmental aneuploidy. Here, we discuss emerging work on the mechanisms underlying pericentromeric suppression of DNA break formation and repair, revealing essential roles for kinetochores and cohesin complexes.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: (peri)centromeres; DNA breaks; Saccharomyces; Schizosaccharomyces; cohesin; kinetochore; meiotic recombination

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2019

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more