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Bifurcation of Soliton Families from Linear Modes in Non‐PT‐Symmetric Complex Potentials

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Continuous families of solitons in the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with non‐PT‐symmetric complex potentials and general forms of nonlinearity are studied analytically. Under a weak assumption, it is shown that stationary equations for solitons admit a constant of motion if and only if the complex potential is of a special form g2(x)+ig(x), where g(x) is an arbitrary real function. Using this constant of motion, the second‐order complex soliton equation is reduced to a new second‐order real equation for the amplitude of the soliton. From this real soliton equation, a novel perturbation technique is employed to show that continuous families of solitons bifurcate out from linear discrete modes in these non‐PT‐symmetric complex potentials. All analytical results are corroborated by numerical examples.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2016

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