Surfactant Influence on Water Wave Packets
The influence of surfactant on water wave packets is investigated. An envelope equation for a slowly varying wave packet in the potential flow equations with variable Bond number is derived. The properties of this equation depend on the relative phases of the wave packet and the distribution of surface tension. We observe that small variations in the Bond number may change the focusing nature of the envelope equation from that of the constant Bond number problem. Variations in Bond number can thus suppress, or incite, the Benjamin‐Feir instability. The existence of envelope solitary waves depends in a similar way on the Bond number variation. The envelope equation is also derived in a larger class of models.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 2012