Finite-Dimensional Integrable Hamiltonian Systems Related to the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation
A complete treatment of the binary nonlinearizations of spectral problems of the nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation with the choice of distinct eigenvalue parameters is presented. Two kinds of constraints between the potentials and the eigenfunctions of the NLS equation are considered. From the first constraint, a pair of new finite-dimensional completely integrable Hamiltonian systems which constitute an integrable decomposition of the NLS equation are obtained. From the second constraint, a novel finite-dimensional integrable Hamiltonian system, which includes the system of multiple three-wave interaction as a special case, is obtained. It is found that the eigenvalue parameters real or not can lead to completely different symplectic structures of the restricted NLS flows. In addition, a relationship between the binary restricted Ablowitz–Kaup–Newell–Segur flows and the restricted NLS flows is revealed.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Xuzhou Normal University
Publication date: November 1, 2009