An Analytical Model of Periodic Waves in Shallow Water
An explicit, analytical model is presented of finite‐amplitude waves in shallow water. The waves in question have two independent spatial periods, in two independent horizontal directions. Both short‐crested and long‐crested waves are available from the model. Every wave pattern is an exact solution of the Kadomtsev‐Petviashvili equation, and is based on a Riemann theta function of genus 2. These biperiodic waves are direct generalizations of the well‐known (simply periodic) cnoidal waves. Just as cnoidal waves are often used as one‐dimensional models of “typical” nonlinear, periodic waves in shallow water, these biperiodic waves may be considered to represent “typical” nonlinear, periodic waves in shallow water without the assumption of one‐dimensionality.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Aeronautical Research Associates of Princeton, Inc. Thomas Watson Research Center, IBM
Publication date: December 1, 1985