Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Inequality in Vietnamese Urban–Rural Living Standards, 1993–2006

Buy Article:

$47.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

We investigate urban–rural inequality in Vietnam using data from the Vietnam Living Standard Surveys between 1993 and 2006. We find that mean per capita expenditure of urban households is consistently twice as much as that of rural households and that the urban–rural gap monotonically increases from the poorer to the richer groups of the expenditure distribution. To isolate factors contributing to the urban–rural gap, we apply the Oaxaca–Blinder type decomposition to a newly developed unconditional quantile regression method. Factors contributing significantly to the high urban–rural gap include inter‐group differences in education, household age structure, labor market activity, geographic location and their related returns, with education playing the most important role. Over the period, consistent with the country's massive rural–urban migration, we find that domestic remittance plays a significant role in shortening the urban–rural expenditure gap in the later years, 2002 and 2006.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: C13; D31; O18; O53; Oaxaca decomposition; P21; Vietnam; expenditure distribution; unconditional quantile regression; urban–rural inequality

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 December 2014

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more