Education and Income Inequality: New Evidence From Cross-Country Data
This paper presents empirical evidence on how education is related to income distribution in a panel data set covering a broad range of countries for the period between 1960 and 1990. The findings indicate that educational factors—higher educational attainment and more equal distribution of education —play a significant role in making income distribution more equal. The results also confirm the Kuznets inverted–U curve for the relationship between income level and income inequality. We also find that government social expenditure contributes to more equal distribution of income. However, a significant proportion of cross–country variation in income inequality remains unexplained.
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Document Type: Original Article
Affiliations: 1: Central Bank of Chile, and Universidad de Chile, 2: Korea University
Publication date: September 1, 2002