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Nature and Nurture in Own-Race Face Processing

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A standard visual preference task was used to examine 3-month-olds' looking times at own-race versus other-race faces as a function of environmental exposure to faces from the two categories. Participants were Caucasian infants living in a Caucasian environment, African infants living in an African environment, and African infants living in a predominantly Caucasian environment. The results indicate that preference for own-race faces is present as early as 3 months of age, but that this preference results from exposure to the prototypical facial environment.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel, and 2: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Publication date: February 1, 2006

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