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Suggestion Reduces the Stroop Effect

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We examined the effects of suggestion on Stroop interference in highly suggestible individuals. Participants completed the Stroop task with and without a suggestion to perceive Stroop words as meaningless symbols. Half the participants were given this suggestion in hypnosis, and half were given the suggestion without the induction of hypnosis. Suggestion produced a significant reduction in Stroop inhibition, accounting for about 45% of the variance in Stroop responding, regardless of whether hypnosis had been induced. These findings indicate that suggestion can at least partially overcome the automaticity associated with the Stroop effect.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Columbia University; 2: University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom; and 3: University of Connecticut

Publication date: February 1, 2006

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