Family Policies in OECD Countries: A Comparative Analysis
This article discusses the diversity of family policy models in 28 oecd countries in terms of the balance between their different objectives and the mix of instruments adopted to implement the policies. cross-country policy differences are investigated by applying a principal component analysis to comprehensive country-level data from the oecd Family database covering variables such as parental leave conditions, childcare service provision, and fnancial support to families. the results fnd persistent differences in the family policy patterns embedded in different contexts of work-family “outcomes.” country classifcations of family policy packages only partially corroborate categorizations in earlier studies, owing to considerable within-group heterogeneity and the presence of group outliers. the nordic countries outdistance the others with comprehensive support to working parents with very young children. anglo-Saxon countries provide much less support for working parents with very young children, and fnancial support is targeted on low-income and large families and focuses on preschool and early elementary education. continental and eastern european countries form a more heterogeneous group, while the support received by families in Southern europe and in asian countries is much lower in all its dimensions.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Economist at INED (National Institute for Demographic Research), Paris; and at the Social Policy Division of OECD.
Publication date: March 1, 2011