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Effects of Lactic Acid and Salt on Enterotoxin A Production and Growth of Staphylococcus aureus

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Food poisoning caused by Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) produced in foods. Staphylococcal food poisoning is mostly caused by staphylococcal enterotoxin type A (SEA) among SEs. Growth/no growth for S. aureus under various environmental conditions was well studied with a logistic regression model so far. Recently we successfully described the boundaries of SEA production and growth of S. aureus in broth at various temperatures and salt concentrations with the model. In this study, the effects of lactic acid and salt on SEA production and growth of S. aureus was quantitatively studied. Consequently the boundaries of SEA production and growth of S. aureus cocktail in broth at various combinations of salt concentrations and pH values that were adjusted with lactic acid were successfully described with a logistic regression model. Here the cocktail was incubated in stationary culture at 30 °C and 10 °C. The maximum toxin production and cell growth of the cocktail were observed both at 5% salt in the pH range from 4.5 to 7.0. Also, the characteristics of individual strains of the cocktail in SEA production and growth at 30 °C and 10 °C were found to be specific to the strains. The present study revealed the effect of lactic acid and salt on SEA production and growth of S. aureus as well as the variety of SEA production and growth of S. aureus strains. These results would become useful information in food industry to prevent staphylococcal food poisoning.
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Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus; growth; lactic acid; logistic regression model; staphylococcal enterotoxin production

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2019

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