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Discoloration and Lipid Deterioration of Farmed Giant Catfish (Pangasianodon gigas) Muscle during Refrigerated Storage

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ABSTRACT: 

Discoloration and lipid deterioration of farmed giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas) muscle during 14 d refrigerated storage were investigated. Lipid deterioration, lipolysis, and lipid oxidation in both dorsal and ventral muscles increased as storage time increased. A progressive formation of primary lipid oxidation products monitored by the increase in conjugated dienes (CD) was observed (P < 0.05) and the increase in thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS), an index of secondary lipid oxidation products, was noticeable throughout the storage (P < 0.05). The pH of both dorsal and ventral muscles tended to increase as storage time continued (P < 0.05). A gradual increase in free fatty acid (FFA) formation was found within the first 10 d of refrigerated storage (P < 0.05), suggesting hydrolysis induced by lipases and phospholipases. However, a sharp decrease in FFA content was observed at the end of storage. Refrigerated storage also resulted in changes in redness index of both dorsal and ventral muscles. These changes were coincidental with the changes in metmyoglobin content. Therefore, the discoloration and lipid changes in giant catfish muscle during refrigerated storage depended on the muscle type and might be related to the difference in composition between dorsal and ventral muscles.
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Keywords: discoloration; farmed giant catfish; lipid oxidation; lipolysis; muscle; refrigerated storage

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2008

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