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A Soybean Cultivar Lacking Lipoxygenase 2 and 3 Has Similar Calcium Bioavailability to a Commercial Variety Despite Higher Calcium Absorption Inhibitors

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The aim of this study was to evaluate calcium bioavailability of a new soybean variety without 2 lipoxygenases with better taste and flavor than a commercial variety containing all 3 isozymes. Using the femur 45Ca uptake method, calcium absorption from a new Brazilian variety, UFV-116, was compared to a common Brazilian variety, OCEPAR 19. Male Sprague–Dawley growing rats weighing 150 to 170 g (10/group) received test meals of whole fat soy flour prepared from UFV-116 or OCEPAR-19 seeds labeled with 10 Ci of 45Ca. Femurs were removed after 48 h for determination of 45Ca uptake. Calcium fractional absorption was equivalent between the 2 varieties. The higher oxalate:calcium molar ratio and the higher content of oxalate and phytate (P < 0.05) found in the UFV-116 variety did not affect calcium absorption. Therefore, the new variety is a comparable source of high bioavailable calcium.
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Keywords: bioavailability; calcium; oxalate; phytate; soybeans

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2008

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