Hypervigilance‐avoidance in children with anxiety disorders: magnetoencephalographic evidence
An altered pattern of threat processing is deemed critical for the development of anxiety disorders (AD). According to the hypervigilance‐avoidance hypothesis, AD patients show hypervigilance to threat cues at early stages of processing but avoid threat cues at later stages of processing. Consistently, adults with AD show enhanced neurophysiological responses to threat in early time windows and reduced responses to threat in late time windows. The presence of such a hypervigilance‐avoidance effect and its underlying neural sources remain to be determined in clinically anxious children.
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