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Practitioner Review: Short-term and working memory impairments in neurodevelopmental disorders: diagnosis and remedial support

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This article provides an introduction to current models of working and short-term memory, their links with learning, and diagnosis of impairments. The memory impairments associated with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders (Down's syndrome, Williams syndrome, Specific Language Impairment, and attentional deficits) are discussed. Methods: 

Methods of alleviating the adverse consequences of working and short-term memory impairments for learning are identified. Conclusion: 

Impairments of short-term and working memory are associated with learning difficulties that can be substantial, and that can be minimised by appropriate methods of remedial support.
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Keywords: Down syndrome; Specific Language Impairment; Williams syndrome; Working memory; attentional deficits; short-term memory

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Durham, UK

Publication date: 01 January 2006

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