Why is There a Biodiversity Convention? The International Interest in Centralized Development Planning
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an unusual international environment agreement in that it does not concern an international or global resource. Most of the resources whose regulation is implicit in the CBD are in fact domestic terrestrial species, everything from elephants to medicinal plants. The rationale for international intervention in the sphere of national land use planning lies in the recurring themes of underprovided diversity: underfunded, underappreciated, undermanaged species. In many different areas of international affairs–ranging from the trade in endangered species to the management of agricultural gene banks–these same problems arise. How is it possible to induce countries hosting diverse biological resources to expend the resources necessary to maintain them? The CBD represents the confluence of all these various movements, and it constitutes the recognition of the importance of a global perspective regarding national land use decision-making.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Economics and School of Public Policy, University College London, UK
Publication date: April 1, 1999