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Detection of electrocardiogram beats using a fuzzy similarity index

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A new approach based on the computation of a fuzzy similarity index (FSI) is presented for the detection of electrocardiogram (ECG) beats. Four types of ECG beats (normal beat, congestive heart failure beat, ventricular tachyarrhythmia beat, atrial fibrillation beat) obtained from the Physiobank database were analysed. The ECG signals were decomposed into time–frequency representations using the discrete wavelet transform and wavelet coefficients were calculated to represent the signals. The aim of the study is detection of ECG beats by the combination of wavelet coefficients and the FSI. Toward achieving this aim, fuzzy sets were obtained from the feature sets (wavelet coefficients) of the signals under study. The results demonstrated that the similarity between the fuzzy sets of the studied signals indicated the variabilities in the ECG signals. Thus, the FSI could discriminate the normal beat and the other three types of beats (congestive heart failure beat, ventricular tachyarrhythmia beat, atrial fibrillation beat).
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Keywords: electrocardiogram beats; fuzzy similarity index; wavelet coefficients

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, TOBB Ekonomi ve Teknoloji Üniversitesi, 06530 Söğütözü, Ankara, Turkey address:, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: May 1, 2007

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